verbal aspect

The most common verbal aspects in Gaelic are –

  • perfective –
    • simple –
      • Shuidh Raonaid sìos. ‘Rachel sat down’.
      • Dh’ith mi ubhal. ‘I ate an apple.’
    • inchoative
      • Thòisich Raonaid air suidhe sìos. ‘Rachel started to sit down.’
      • Theann mi ri ubhal a ithe. ‘I started to eat an apple.’
    • cessative
      • Sguir Raonaid dhe shuidhe sìos. ‘Rachel stopped sitting down.’
      • Stad mi dhe dh’ithe an ubhail. ‘I stopped eating the apple.’
  • imperfective –
    • progressive –
      • Tha Raonaid a’ suidhe sìos. ‘Rachel is [in the process of] sitting down.’
      • Tha mi ag ithe ubhal. ‘I am eating an apple.’
    • habitual –
      • Shuidheadh Raonaid sìos (gu tric). ‘Rachel sat down (frequently)’.
      • Is àbhaist dhomh ubhal a ithe (gach madainn). ‘I eat an apple (every morning).’
    • retrospective –
      • Tha Raonaid na suidhe sìos. ‘Rachel has/is sat down.’
      • Tha mi air ubhal a ithe. ‘I have eaten an apple.’
    • prospective –
      • Tha Raonaid gu suidhe sìos. ‘Rachel is about to sit down.’
      • Tha mi a’ dol dha dh’ithe ubhail. ‘I am going to eat an apple.’
Scroll to Top